Antarctica is a remote and extreme land. It is particularly interesting from the scientific point of view because of its unique characteristics: the polar latitude, the day-night cycle, the particular geologic origins, the highest average altitude on the planet and an average temperature of minus 50 degrees Celsius. A territory of 13 million of sqkm, once and a half Europe, still poorly know and almost totally covered with a glacial shell that shows some decreasing and some growing areas. But the waters that surround Antarctica are not less interesting. An oceanic surface double than the land’s one regulated by a system of salinity, currents and densities difficult to interpret. To further protect this place apparently inhospitable and on the contrary inhabited by an amazing biodiversity, was recently established the “Area Marina Protetta” (AMP) of the Ross sea region. It is the largest in the world and the first so close to the Antarctica continent. The AMP occupies a surface of 11.5 million Km^2, as extensive as the occidental Mediterranean sea from Gibraltar to the Italian costs, Italy, the Adriatic sea, the Ionian and the Aegean see together.
The documentary, filmed in Antarctica and produced by the Cnr webtv, was presented at the International Science Festival 2017 at the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Anna University Campus in Chennai, India.
The research activities in Antarctica are carried out within the ‘Programma nazionale di ricerche in Antartide’ (Pnra), promoted and financed by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (Miur). The logistic execution is entrusted by the National agency for new technologies, energy and the sustainable economic development (Enea). The scientific coordination is controlled by Cnr, National Research Council.